아산출장업소 Methane metabolism - Reference pathway 광명오피걸
[ 시흥출장업소 수원출장샵 | 강릉콜걸 | 제천콜걸만남 | 화성출장아가씨 | 안산출장여대생 ]
Methane is metabolized principally by methanotrophs and methanogens in the global carbon cycle. Methanotrophs consume methane as the only source of carbon, while methanogens produce methane as a metabolic byproduct. Methylotrophs, which are microorganisms that can obtain energy for growth by oxidizing one-carbon compounds, such as methanol and methane, are situated between methanotrophs and methanogens. Methanogens can obtain energy for growth by converting a limited number of substrates to methane under anaerobic conditions. Three types of methanogenic pathways are known: CO2 to methane [MD: 출장오피걸 ], methanol to methane [MD: 계룡출장아가씨 ], and acetate to methane [MD: 과천출장업소 ]. Methanogens use 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (CoM; coenzyme M) as the terminal methyl carrier in methanogenesis and have four enzymes for CoM biosynthesis [MD: 경주출장마사지 ]. Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is divided into two types: cytoplasmic HdrABC in most methanogens and membrane-bound HdrED in Methanosarcina species. In methanotrophs and methyltrophs methane is oxidized to form formaldehyde, which is at the diverging point for further oxidation to CO2 for energy source and assimilation for biosynthesis. There are three pathways that convert formaldehyde to C2 or C3 compounds: serine pathway [MD: 동두천 ], ribulose monophosphate pathway [MD: 여수오피걸 ], and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD: 나주출장안마 ]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast. As a special case of methylotrophs, various amines can be used as carbon sources in trimethylamine metabolism [MD: 청주출장마사지 ].
jnice12-ipp05-wc-zc-0357